The Mathematics Program seeks to make mathematics meaningful to all learners. To this end, the curriculum addresses multiple methods with which students understand that there is often more than one way to solve a given problem. While students become proficient in basic computation skills through activities, games and problem solving exercises, they are continually exposed to a variety of mathematics, rooted in real world problems and applications, designed to enrich their experience of the subject.

Mathematics is viewed as the study of patterns and relationships which enable us to better understand and explain our environment. Through engaging in mathematical pursuits students develop logical, critical and creative thinking and learn to recognize and utilize mathematical concepts and principles through their explorations.

Students also learn to develop patience and perseverance through problem solving and with this an appreciation of the power and beauty of mathematics. It is envisaged that students will derive enjoyment from these challenges in mathematics and that this will promote mathematical curiosity and an understanding of the value and usefulness of mathematics in their own lives and culture.

We believe that students construct meaning best in Mathematics when they:

- know and understand how to use appropriate notation and terminology.
- use their experiences to recognize and appreciate the usefulness of mathematics in their everyday lives.
- are provided with opportunities to display mathematical creativity through investigation and discovery.
- have the ability to communicate mathematically in written or oral form with clarity and confidence.
- have an awareness and ability to use technology in a variety of mathematical contexts.
- can utilize a variety of problem solving strategies and techniques including trial and error, conjecture and proof, and measurement and classification.
- display conceptual understanding and reasoning in mathematics rather than memorizing rules and procedures.
- have a strong computational ability.
- show perseverance and enjoy the challenges of mathematical pursuits.

Mathematics teachers agree to provide opportunities for students to:

- explore and investigate mathematical concepts and ideas in depth.
- experiment with the technology available to them wherever applicable.
- use a variety of methods to communicate and solve problems in mathematics.
- display and develop their knowledge and understanding at an appropriate level.
- develop their critical thinking and evaluation skills.
- develop their knowledge of mathematical terminology and competence in use of notation.
- work effectively both independently and in group activities.
- apply their knowledge to real world situations and cross-curricular areas.
- sense that they are supported in their endeavors to succeed.

## Calculator Policy

All students in grades 7-9 will need a scientific calculator. A calculator will be provided to grade 6 students. All students in grades 10-12 will be required to purchase a TI-84 calculator. These calculators may be purchased through the school at any time.

## Mathematics

### Year Course: Grade 6

The course reviews basic math topics covered in elementary school and students practice concepts such as fractions, decimals, and graphing on an ongoing basis throughout the year. Topics covered in the course include: collection, display and interpretation of data; operations with whole numbers and decimals; rational number uses and operations; number systems and algebra concepts, probability and discrete mathematics; rates and ratios; variables; formulas and graphs; and geometry. This year the students make the transition to using a math notebook to organize their work and solve math problems. During the course the students will also be introduced to pre-algebra, apply the order of operations, learn how to balance equations, and solve problems involving up to two variables.

### Year Course: Grade 7

The course provides a foundation for all students in basic arithmetic concepts and leads students through essential concepts in algebra, patterns and functions, measurement, logic and reasoning, probability and statistics. The course also provides a transition for students with these skills into more advanced concepts which include percentages, approximation and estimation, data analysis and spreadsheets, ratio and proportion, the language of algebra and standard notation, equations and inequalities, sets and real numbers, matrices, number theory and the beginnings of coordinate geometry. There will also be opportunities for students to display their mathematical knowledge and curiosity through investigations.

### Year Course: Grade 8

The course objective is to review concepts and skills learned in grade 7 math and to extend into higher level thinking skills and application skills in algebra, geometry and problem solving. Topics include the use and application of variables, expressions, inequalities and equations; rational numbers, number theories and fraction concepts; ratio, proportion and percent; perimeter, area, surface area and volume of polygons, circles and others geometric figures; reading, analyzing data and making graphs; statistics, probability; graphing inequalities on a coordinate plane, and introducing polynomials.

## Algebra I

### Year Course: Grade 8

The course objective is to give students a solid foundation in algebra. This course is intended for students who would like to take higher level mathematics courses in high school and who will probably take mathematics in college. The topics include simplifying numerical and variable expressions, solving linear and quadratic equations, inequalities, systems of equations, and analyzing and graphing many types of functions. Application problems and the vocabulary of mathematics will be emphasized.